June 16, 1896 (Montreal, Canada) – November 15, 1918; 22 years old
Lived in Tenafly, NJ when he entered service; mother Julia Dymock lived in South Norwalk
Entered the service on June 18, 1917
Serial number 1211479
Unit: 27th Infantry Division, 107th Infantry Regiment, Company K
Born to John Dymock (1871-1918) and Julia Dymock (1874-1949), both from Scotland. One sister Doris (1894-1975) and two brothers, Douglas (1900-1968) and Atkinson (1902-1959).
Left Glasgow, Scotland for the United States on November 2, 1907 and arrived November 12, 1907.
Died of influenza at Rouen, Departement de la Seine-Maritime, Haute-Normandie, France, five months after entering the service and five days after the armistice was signed to end the war.
From The Norwalk Hour December 9, 1918
There also appears the name of Albert Dymock, where the nearest relative is given as Mrs. Julia S. Dymock of Norwalk. This man is reported as having died of disease. No one of this name can be located in Norwalk and local Board No. 14 has no information whatsoever concerning this name.
Mother Julia Dymock participated in the Gold Star Mother’s Pilgrimage.
In the aftermath of World War I, wives became widows, and mothers outlived their sons. More than 100,000 Americans died during the Great War, creating suffering and pain for those family members they left behind. Through the Gold Star pilgrimages of 1930 to 1933, the U.S. government specifically recognized the sacrifices of these mothers and widows who chose burial in an overseas American military cemetery for their sons or husbands.
As the war raged, the Gold Star became a symbol for mourning the fallen. Families who lost a loved one in the service hung a Gold Star in their windows. Their female relatives referred to themselves as Gold Star mothers and widows, and they created several national organizations for collective mourning and support. These groups lobbied Congress for an official government-funded pilgrimage to visit their loved ones’ graves, which the government authorized on March 2, 1929.
All mothers and un-remarried widows of someone buried or memorialized at an ABMC cemetery received an invitation. Over the course of the program, 6,654 women participated. These pilgrims represented the diversity of the American army in World War I. However, in keeping with the Jim Crow-Era segregation of the military at the time, the U.S. Army Quartermaster Corps racially segregated the pilgrimages. African-American women traveled in separate groups, a decision that created much controversy. While many objected, 168 African-American women still participated as pilgrims.
Even after the crash of the stock market in October 1929 and the onset of the Great Depression, the federal government funded the entire pilgrimage. The Quartermaster Corps meticulously organized the program and cared for the mothers and widows. They arranged every detail of the journey and monitored the pilgrims’ physical and emotional health. Escorted by Army officers and nurses, the pilgrims traveled to many of the major tourist sites in the countries they visited, including the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, where they laid a wreath on the Tomb of the Unknown Soldier. They subsequently traveled to the cemeteries and visited the battlefields and memorials in addition to the graves of their loved ones.
Cemetery staff decorated the graves with the flags of the U.S. and the host country. They provided a chair for the pilgrim to sit next to the headstone and reflect. Each pilgrim received a photograph of herself at the tombstone, where she also laid a memorial wreath. These personal touches added to the dignity of the pilgrimages and demonstrated the government’s commitment to the cemeteries.
The Gold Star pilgrimages honored these women’s sacrifices and eased their grief. After her 1930 pilgrimage to the Meuse-Argonne American Cemetery, Mrs. O.B. Johnson of Iowa told the Army how “the Government is certainly doing the right and square thing by the Gold Star Mothers. We were treated with respect and deference…on the whole a wonderful trip.” Many pilgrims expressed their admiration for the ABMC cemeteries. Mrs. Ettie M. Brown and Mrs. George Ingersoll visited the Saint-Mihiel American Cemetery and declared that “the cemetery is kept beautifully and we feel our sons have a lovely resting place.”
Through the Gold Star pilgrimages, women played a key role in the early commemorations at the ABMC cemeteries. The government recognized that these women served the nation through their losses, and acknowledged the importance of providing them with the opportunity to visit the overseas graves of their fallen family members. The ABMC mission during the Gold Star pilgrimages was the same as it is today: to maintain military cemeteries with honor so that the loved ones of the fallen can find solace in the dignified care of their eternal resting place.
To view the complete NARA burial file, click HERE.
The full NARA burial file can be seen HERE.
Corporal Dymock is buried at Somme American Cemetery and Memorial, D57, 02420 Bony, France; Plot A, Row 18, Grave 15. Picture provided by Stéphane Bonnouvrier, Administrative Assistant and Guide at Somme American Cemetery.